All About Missouri History:: United States Representatives

Missouri History

United States Representatives

Dewey Short, US congress, R, 1928-1954

Dewey Short
1928, 1934-54

Leonor K. Sullivan, US Congress, D, 1952-74

Leonor K. Sullivan
1952-74

Alan Wheat, US congress, D, 1982-94

Alan Wheat
1982-94

NAMEDISTRICTPOLITICAL PARTYELECTED
Akers, Thomas Peter29 5 American 1856
Akin, W. Todd 2 R 2000-2010
Alexander, Armstead Milton 2 D 1882
Alexander, Joshua Willis 15 3 D 1906-1918
Allen, Thomas 9 2 D 1880
Anderson, Charles. Arthur 12 D 1936, 1938
Anderson, George Washington. 9 D 1864, 1866
Anderson, Thomas Lilbourne 2 American, Independent D 1856, 1858
Armstrong, Orland Kay 6 R 1950
Arnold, Marshall 14 D 1890, 1892
Arnold, Samuel Washington (Wat) 1 R 1942-1946
Ashley, William Henry 20   Jacksonian 1831, 1832, 1835
Asper, Joel Funk 7 R 1868
Atkeson, William Oscar 6 R 1920
Bailey, Ralph Emerson 14 R 1924
Bailey, Wendell R. 8 R 1980
Bakewell, Claude Ignatius 33 11 R 1946, 1951
Banta, Park Monroe 8 R 1946
Barret, John Richard 21 1 D, Union-Democrat 1858, 1860
Bartholdt, Richard 10 R 1892-1912
Barton, William Edward 16 D 1930
Bates, Edward   D 1826
Bay, William Van Ness 2 D 1848
Bell, Charles Jasper 4 D 1934-1946
Benjamin, John Forbes 8 R 1864-1868
Bennett, Marion Tinsley 6 R 1942-1946
Bennett, Philip Allen 6 R 1940
Benton, Maecenas Eason 15 D 1896-1902
Benton, Thomas Hart 1 D 1852
Blair, Francis Preston 2, 21 1 D 1856-1862
Blair, James Gorrall 8 Liberal Republican 1870
Bland, Richard Parks 12 5,11,8 D 1872-1892, 1896-1898
Bland, William Thomas 5 D 1918
Blow, Henry Taylor 2 R, Unconditional Unionist 1862, 1864
Blunt, Roy D. 7 R 1996-2008
Bodine, Robert Nall 2 D 1896
Bolling, Richard Walker 5 D 1948-1980
Booher, Charles Ferris10 4 D 1889, 1906-1918
Borland, William Patterson 5 D 1908-1916
Bower, Gustavus Miller   D 1842
Bowlin, James Butler   D 1842-1848
Boyd, Sempronius Hamilton 4 Unconditional Unionist, R 1862, 1868
Broadhead, James Overton 9 D 1882
Brown, Charles Harrison 7 D 1956, 1958
Buckner, Aylett Hawes 13,7 D 1872-1882
Buechner, John William (Jack) 2 R 1986, 1988
Bull, John22   D 1833
Burlison, Bill D.*** 10*** D*** 1968-1978***
Burdett, Samuel Swinfin 5 R 1868, 1870
Burnes, Daniel Dee 4 D 1892
Burnes, James Nelson10 4 D 1882-1886
Burrows, Joseph Henry 10 Greenback 1880
Burton, Charles Germman 15 R 1894
Butler, James Joseph 23, 27 12 D 1900, 1902
Byrns, Samuel 10 D 1890
Cannon, Clarence Andrew 32 9 D 1922- 1962
Carnahan, Albert Sidney Johnson 8 D 1944, 1948-1958
Carnahan, Russ 3 D 2004-2010
Caruthers, Samuel At large, 7 Whig, Opposition, D 1852-1856
Catlin, Theron Ephron 11 R 1910
Caulfield, Henry Stewart 11 R 1906
Christopher, George Henry 34 6 D 1948, 1954-1958
Claiborne, James Robert At large, 12 D 1932, 1934
Clardy, Martin Linn 1,10 D 1878-1886
Clark, Charles Nelson 1 R 1894
Clark, James Beauchamp “Champ” 9 D 1892, 1896-1918
Clark, John Bullock 3 3 D 1857-1860
Clark , John Bullock Jr. 11 D 1872-1880
Clay, William Lacy, Sr. 1 D 1968-1998
Clay, William Lacy, Jr. 1 D 2000-2010
Cleaver, Emanuel, II 5 D 2004-2010
Cobb, Seth Wallace 9,12 D 1890-1894
Cochran, Charles Fremont 4 D 1896-1902
Cochran, John Joseph 16 11,13 D 1926, 1926-1944
Cole, Nathan 2 R 1876
Cole, William Clay 3 R 1942-1946, 1952
Coleman, Earl Thomas 28 6 R 1976-1990
Combs, George Hamilton, Jr. 5 D 1926
Comingo, Abram 6,8 D 1870, 1872
Cooney, James A. 7 D 1896-1900
Cosgrove, John 6 D 1882
Coudray, Harry Marcy30 12 R 1906-08
Cowherd, William Strother 5 D 1896-1902
Craig, James 4 D 1856, 1858
Crittenden, Thomas Theodore 7 D 1872, 1876
Crow, Charles Augustus 14 R 1908
Crowther, George Calhoun 4 R 1894
Curtis, Thomas Bradford 12,2 R 1950-1966
Danner, Patsy Ann (Pat) 6 D 1992-1998
Darby, John Fletcher 1 Whig 1850
Daugherty, James Alexander 15 D 1910
Davis, Lowndes Henry 4,14 D 1878-1882
Dawson, William 14 D 1884
DeArmond, David A. 13 12,6 D 1890-1908
DeBolt, Rezin A.*** 10*** D*** 1874***
Decker, Perl D. 15 D 1912-1916
Dickinson, Clement Cabell 13 6, At large D 1910-1918, 1922-1926, 1930-1932
Dockery, Alexander Monroe 3 D 1882-1896
Dougherty, John 3 D 1898-1902
Duncan, Richard Meloan At Large, 3 D 1932-1940
Dyer, David Patterson 9 R 1868
Dyer, Leonidas Carstarphen 13 12 R 1910-1930
Edwards, John Cummins   D 1840
Ellis, Edgar Clarence 5 R 1904-1906, 1920, 1924, 1928
Elmer, William Price 8 R 1942
Elvins, Politte 13 R 1908
Emerson, Jo Ann19 8 I/R 1996-2010
Emerson, Norvell William (Bill)19 10,8 R 1980-1994
Essen, Frederick 14 10 R 1918
Faust, Charles Lee 17 4 R 1920-1928
Finkelnburg, Gustavus Adolphus 2 R 1868, 1870
Ford, Nicholas 9 Greenback 1878, 1880
Frank, Nathan 9 R 1888
Franklin, Benjamin Joseph 8 D 1874, 1876
Frost, Richard Graham24 3 D 1878, 80
Fulbright, James Franklin 14 D 1922, 1926, 1930
Fulkerson, Frank Ballard 4 R 1904
Fyan, Robert Washington 13 D 1882, 1890, 1892
Gephardt, Richard Andrew 3 D 1976-2002
Giles, Richard P. 26 1 D 1896
Gill, Michael Joseph 31 12 D 1912
Gill, Patrick Francis 11 D 1908
Glover, John Montgomery 12,9 D 1872-1876, 1884, 1886
Glover, John Milton 9 D 1884, 1886
Gravely, Joseph Jackson36 4 R 1866
Graves, Alexander 5 D 1882
Graves, Samuel Bruce Jr. 6 R 2000-2010
Green, James Stephen 3 3 D 1846, 1848, 1856
Hackney, Thomas 15 D 1906
Hale, John Blackwell 2 D 1884
Hall, Durward Gorham 7 R 1960-1970
Hall, Uriel Sebree 2 D 1892, 1894
Hall, Willard Preble 4 D, Union-D 1846-1850
Hall, William Augustus 3 3,8 D, Unionist 1860, 1862
Halsey, Thomas Jefferson 6 R 1928
Hamlin, Courtney Walker 7 D 1902, 1906-1916
Hancock, Melton D. (Mel) 7 R 1988-1994
Harrison, Albert Galliton 25   D 1835, 1836-1838
Hartzler, Vicky J. 4 R 2010
Hatch, William Henry 12,1 D 1878-1892
Hatcher, Robert Anthony 4 D 1872-1876
Havens, Harrison Eugene 4,6 R 1870, 1872
Hawes, Harry Bartow16*** 11*** D*** 1920-1924***
Hays, Edward Dixon 14 R 1918, 1920
Hazeltine, Ira Sherman 6 Greenback 1880
Heard, John Taddeus 6,7 D 1884-1892
Hennings, Thomas Carey, Jr. 11 D 1934-1938
Hensley, Walter Lewis 13 D 1910-1916
Hillelson, Jeffrey Paul 4 R 1952
Hogan, John 1 D 1864
Hopkins, David17 4 R 1929, 1930
Horn, Joan Kelly 2 D 1990
Hubbard, Joel Douglas 8 R 1894
Hughes, James M.   D 1842
Hukriede, Theodore Waldemar 9 R 1920
Hull, William Raleigh, Jr. 6 D 1954-1970
Hulshof, Kenny 9 R 1996-2006
Hungate, William Leonard 9 D 1964-1974
Hunt, John Thomas 11 D 1902. 1904
Hutton, John Edward 7 D 1884, 1886
Hyde, Ira Barnes 10 R 1872
Ichord, Richard Howard, II 8 D 1960-1978
Igoe, William Leo 11 D 1912-1918
Irving, Theodore Leonard 4 D 1948, 1950
Ittner, Anthony Friday 1 R 1876
Jameson, John 25   D 1839, 1842, 1846
Johnson, Robert Davis 18 7 D 1931
Johnston, Rowland Louis 16 R 1928
Jones, Paul Caruthers 35 10 D 1948-66
Jost, Henry Lee 5 D 1922
Joy, Charles Frederick 11 R 1892-1900
Karst, Raymond Willard 12 D 1948
Karsten, Frank Melvin 13, 1 D 1946-1966
Kehr, Edward Charles 1 D 1874
Kelso, John Russell 4 Independent Republican 1864
Kennett, Luther Martin 1 Opposition 1854
Kiefner, Charles Edward 13 R 1924, 28
King, Andrew 9 D 1870
King, Austin Augustus 6 Unionist 1862
Kinsey, William Medcalf 10 R 1888
Klepper, Frank B. 3 R 1904
Knox, Samuel 2 1 Unconditional Unionist 1862
Lamar, Robert 16 D 1902, 1906
Lamb, Alfred William 2 D 1852
Lawrence, Henry Franklin 3 R 1920
Lay, Alfred Morrison 8 7 D 1878
Lee, Frank Hood   At Large 1932
Lindley, James Johnson At large, 3 Whig, Opposition 1852, 1854
Litton, Jerry Lon 28 6 D 1972, 1974
Lloyd, James Tilghman 26*** 1*** D*** 1897-1914***
Loan, Benjamin Franklin 7 Unconditional Unionist, R 1862-66
Long, Billy 7 R 2010
Lozier, Ralph Fulton 2 D 1922-1932
Luetkemeyer, Blaine 9 R 2008-2010
McCarthy, Karen 5 D 1994-2002
McClurg, Joseph Washington 7 5 Unconditional Unionist, R 1862-1866
McCormick, James Robinson 6 3 D 1867-1870
McDaniel, William1   D 1846
McLean, James Henry 9 2 D 1880
McPherson, Isaac Vanbert 15 R 1918, 1920
Magee, Clare 1 D 1948, 1950
Major, Samuel Collier 18 7 D 1918, 1922-1926, 1930
Manlove, Joe Jonathan 15 D 1922-1930
Mansur, Charles Harley 2 D 1886-1890
Meeker, Jacob Edwin 14 10 R 1914, 1916
Metcalfe, Lyne Shackelford 3 R 1876
Miller, John   D 1836-1840
Miller, John Gaines 29 3 Whig 1850-1854
Miller, Louis Ebenezer 11 R 1942
Milligan, Jacob Le Roy15 3, At Large D 1920-1932
Millspaugh, Frank Crenshaw 1 R 1920
Morgan, Charles Henry 6,12,15 D 1874-1876,1882, 1892, 1908
Moulder, Morgan Moore 2 D 1948-1950
Mozley, Norman Adolphus 14 R 1894
Murphy, Arthur Phillips 16 R 1904, 1908
Nelson, William Lester 8,2 D 1918, 1924-1930, 1934-1940
Newcomb, Carman Adam 2 R 1866
Newton, Cleveland Alexander 10 R 1918-1924
Niedringhaus, Frederick Gottlieb 8 R 1888
Niedringhaus, Henry Frederick 10 R 1926-1930
Noell, John William 5 7,3 D, Unconditional Unionist 1858-1862
Noell, Thomas Estes 6 3 R, D 1864, 1866
Norton, Elijah Hise 4 D 1860
Norton, Richard Henry 7 D 1888, 1890
Oliver, Mordecai 4 Whig, Opposition 1852, 1854
O'Neil, John Joseph 8 D 1882-1886, 1890, 1892
Palmer, John William 7 R 1928
Parker, Isaac Charles 7,9 R 1870, 1872
Patterson, Roscoe Conkling 7 R 1920
Pearce, Charles Edward 12 R 1896, 1898
Pettis, Spencer Darwin 20   D 1828, 1831
Phelps, John Smith 5,6 D 1844-1860
Philips, John Finis 8 7 D 1874, 1879
Pile, William Anderson 1 R 1866
Ploeser, Walter Christian 12 R 1940-1946
Pollard, Henry Moses 10 D 1876
Porter, Gilchrist*** 2*** Whig, Opposition*** 1850, 1854***
Price, Sterling1   D 1844
Price, Thomas Lawson 4 5 D 1860
Randall, William Joseph 4 D 1958-74
Raney, John Henry 13 R 1894
Rea, David 9 D 1874, 1876
Reeves, Albert Lee Jr. 5 R 1946
Reid, John William 4 5 D 1860
Relfe, James Hugh   D 1842-1844
Rhodes, Marion Edwards 13 R 1904, 1918, 1920
Rice, Theron Moses 7 Greenback 1880
Roach, Sidney Crain 8 R 1920, 1922
Robb, Edward A. 13 D 1896-1902
Rollins, James Sidney 2,9 Unionist 1860-1862
Romjue, Milton 1, At Large D 1916-1918, 1922-1940
Rothwell, Gideon Frank 10 D 1878
Rubey, Thomas Lewis 16 D 1910-1918, 1922-1926
Rucker, William Waller 2 D 1898-1920
Ruffin, James Edward At Large D 1932
Russell, Joseph James 14 D 1906, 1910-1916
Sawyer, Samuel Locke 8 D 1878
Schwabe, Max 2 R 1942-46
Scott, John   D 1820-24
Scott, John Gueir 5 3 D 1863
Sessinghaus, Gustavus 24 3 R 1880
Shackleford, Dorsey William 12 8 D 1899-1916
Shannon, Joseph Bernard 5, At Large D 1930-1940
Shartel, Cassius McLean 15 R 1904
Shelton, Samuel Azariah 16 R 1920
Short, Dewey Jackson 14, 7 R 1928, 1934-1954
Sims, Leonard Henley   D 1844
Skelton, Isaac Newton, IV (Ike) 4 D 1976-2008
Slaughter, Roger Caldwell 5 D 1942, 1944
Smith, Madison Roswell 13 D 1906
Stanard, Edwin Obed 1 R 1872
Stone, William Henry 3 D 1872-1874
Stone, William Joel 12 D 1884-1888
Stover, John Hubler 7 5 D 1866
Sullivan, John Berchmans 33 11 D 1940, 1944, 1948, 1950
Sullivan, Leonor Kretzer 3 D 1952-1974
Symington, James Wadworth 2 D 1968-1974
Talent, James Matthes 2 R 1992-1998
Tarsney, John Charles 5 D 1888-1894
Taylor, Gene 7 R 1972-1986
Tracey, John Plank 7 R 1894
Treloar, William Mitchellson 9 R 1894
Tyndall, William Thomas 14 R 1904
Vandiver, Willard Duncan 14 D 1896-1902
Van Horn, Robert Thompson 6,8,5 R 1864-1868, 1880, 1894
Volkmer, Harold Lee 9 D 1976-1994
Waddill, James Richard 6 D 1878
Wade, William Henry 13 D 1884-1888
Wagoner, George Chester Robinson27 12 R 1902
Walker, James Peter 11 14 D 1886-1888
Warner, William 5 R 1884-1886
Welborn, John 7 R 1904
Welch, Philip James 3 D 1948, 1950
Wells, Erastus 1,2 D 1868-1874, 1878
Wheat, Alan Dupree 5 D 1982-1992
Whitelaw, Robert Henry 11 14 D 1890
Williams, Clyde 13, 8, At Large D 1926, 1930-1940
Wilson, Robert Patterson Clark10 4 D 1889, 1890
Wolff, Joseph Scott 13 D 1922
Wood, Ernest Edward 30 12 D 1904
Wood, Reuben Terrell At Large, 6 D 1932-1938
Woodson, Samuel Hughes 5 American 1856, 1858
Young, Robert Anton, III 2 D 1976-1984
Zimmerman, Orville 35 10 D 1934-1946

Historical Note

The election of early Missouri delegates was by general statewide ticket.  In 1847, the state was divided into five congressional districts, from which representatives were elected. Elections in 1852 were held “at large” to allow for state redistricting.  In 1863, the districts were expanded to number nine, and ten years later in 1873, Missouri was redistricted to allow for thirteen congressional districts.  By acts approved in 1882 and 1885, Missouri was allowed one additional district, and in 1893, the congressional districts numbered fifteen.  Missouri was allowed sixteen districts in 1901; these were in place until 1932.  That year, the state was allotted thirteen representatives.  It was necessary to redistrict the state as evenly as possible, so all thirteen delegates were elected at large in 1932, during the legislative redistricting process.  The state has been redistricted several times over the last forty years, moving from eleven districts in the 1950s, to ten districts in the 1960s, to the current number of nine congressional districts in the 1980s.  Because of the various redistricting, it may be necessary to check the Revised Statutes of Missouri to determine which Missouri counties were represented by a district during a particular year.  Redistricting changes generally occur a couple of years after the federal census is taken.

 

 

1 Sterling Price resigned, going to the Mexican War, and William McDaniel succeeded him in October 1846.
2 Francis P. Blair resigned June 25, 1860. He ran successfully in August 1860 election, but resigned in July 1862 to become a colonel in the U.S. Army. He ran and won in August 1862, but the election was successfully contested by Samuel Knox.
3 In 1856, James S. Green resigned his seat and was elected to the U.S. Senate. John B. Clark won the special election for the vacated seat. In 1860, Clark was expelled, and William A. Hall was elected in his place.
4 John W. Reid was expelled, and Thomas L. Price was elected in his place.
5 John W. Noell died (March 14, 1863); John G. Scott took his seat in December 1863.
6 Thomas Noell died (October 3, 1867) and J.R. McCormick was elected in his place.
7 Joseph W. McClurg was elected governor of Missouri in November 1868 and resigned his congressional seat. John H. Stover was elected in his place.
8 Alfred M. Lay died in 1879, and John F. Philips was elected to fill the vacancy.
9Thomas Allen died April 8, 1882 and was succeeded by James H. McLean who served from served from December 15, 1882, to March 3, 1883.
10 James N. Burnes died (January 23, 1889); Charles F. Booher was elected to fill the unexpired term (until March 3, 1889). Robert P.C. Wilson was elected to fill the new term to which Burnes had been elected in 1888, beginning March 4, 1889.
11James P. Walker died (July 18, 1890) and Robert Henry Whitelaw was elected to fill the vacancy from December 1890 to March 1891.
12 Richard P. Bland died (June 15, 1899) and Dorsey W. Shackleford was elected to succeed him in August 1899.
13 David A. DeArmond died in a fire (November 23, 1909); Clement C. Dickinson was elected to succeed him at a special election in 1910.
14 Jacob E. Meeker died (October 16, 1918) and Frederick Essen was elected to fill the vacancy from November 1918 to March 3, 1919.
15Joshua W. Alexander resigned in 1919 to become U.S. Secretary of Commerce; Jacob L. Milligan won the special election in February 1920 to fill the seat.  Milligan was not re-elected in the regular 1920 election.
16 Harry B. Hawes resigned in 1926, having won a U.S. Senate seat; John J. Cochran was elected to fill the unexpired term; later won the full term.
17 Charles L. Faust died (December 17, 1928) and David Hopkins was elected to fill the unexpired term.
18 Samuel C. Major died (July 28, 1931) and Robert D. Johnston was elected to fill the vacancy.
19 Bill Emerson died (June 22, 1996). His widow, Jo Ann Emerson, was elected to his remaining term (until January 1997). The special election, in which Jo Ann Emerson ran as a Republican, was held at the same time as the November 1996 general election, in which Jo Ann Emerson ran as an independent (due to candidate filing laws), winning the seat.
20 The Congressional election in 1830 was postponed until August 1831 by the General Assembly.  Spencer Pettis won, but a special election was held in October 1831, won by William H. Ashley, after Pettis was killed in a duel with Thomas Biddle.  The 1834 election was postponed by the General Assembly until the state could be divided into congressional districts.  The election took place in August 1835.
21 Elected in 1858, John R. Barret served from March 1859 to June 8, 1860.  Francis P. Blair successfully contested the 1858 election, but resigned the seat on June 25, 1860.  Barret ran for the unexpired term and filled the vacant seat until March 3, 1861.
22 There was a congressional election in 1833, the result of a legislative act providing for the election of an additional congressional representative to which Missouri was entitled; John Bull won the seat.
23 The 1900 election was contested by William M. Horton and the seat, won by James J. Butler, declared vacant until a special election could be held.
24 Richard Graham Frost’s 1880 re-election was successfully contested by Gustavus Sessinghaus, who only served two days of the term (March 2, 1883-March 3, 1883).
25 Albert G. Harrison died in office (September 1839); John Jameson won the October 1839 special election to fill the vacant seat.
26 Richard P. Giles died before officially taking office (November 17, 1896); James T. Lloyd won an 1897 special election to fill the vacant seat.
27 George C.R. Wagoner successfully contested the 1902 election of James J. Butler and served February 26, 1903-March 3, 1903.
28 E. Thomas Coleman was elected November 2, 1976, to complete the unexpired term of Jerry Litton, who died in a plane crash; Coleman was also elected to a full two-year term.
29 Thomas P. Akers was elected in 1856 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John G. Miller.
30 Ernest E. Wood’s election in 1904 was successfully contested by Harry M. Coudrey.  Wood served from March 4, 1905, to June 23, 1906 and Coudrey served June 23, 1906, to March 3, 1911.
31 L. C. Dyer’s 1912 election was successfully contested by Michael J. Gill.  Dyer served March 4, 1913, to June 19, 1914 and Gill served from June 19, 1914 to March 3, 1915.
32 Clarence A. Cannon died in office May 12, 1964.
33 John B. Sullivan died in office January 29, 1951. Claude Bakewell was elected in a special election and served March 9, 1951- January 3, 1953.
34 George H. Christopher died in office January 23, 1959.  William J. Randall was elected in a special election in 1959.
35 Orville Zimmerman died in office, April 7, 1948. Paul C. Jones was elected in a special election to fill Zimmerman’s seat.
36Official records also record his surname as Gravelly