Slave Schedules

Prior to 1850 slaves were enumerated in the general population schedule.  The 1850 and 1860 censuses contained separate enumerations of slaves.  These schedules list names of slave owners; how many slaves they own; the slave’s age, color, and sex;  whether the slave is a fugitive from the state; whether the slave has been manumitted; whether the slave is deaf, dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.  Slave names are NOT listed in 1850.

The 1860 slave schedule adds a column for the number of slave houses on the property.  Also, census enumerators were instructed to include the names of slaves who were 100 years old or older.  Only about half of those over 100 actually included names.  A list of the 43 slaves in Missouri who were 100 years old or older was compiled by RootsWeb.  To view the list, open this PDF PDF file.

The 1850-1860 Slave Schedules are available by county below.  Not all counties have a schedule for each of the available years.  Please contact [email protected] with any questions. 

CountyCensus by Year

Adair

18501860

Andrew

18501860

Atchison

18501860

Audrain

18501860

Barry

18501860

Barton (created 1855 from Jasper)

1860

Bates

18501860

Benton

18501860

Bollinger (created 1851 from Cape Girardeau, Madison, Stoddard and Pike)

1860

Boone

18501860

Buchanan

18501860

Butler

18501860

Caldwell

18501860

Callaway

18501860

Camden

18501860

Cape Girardeau

18501860

Carroll

18501860

Carter (created 1859 from Oregon, Reynolds, Ripley and Shannon)

1860

Cass

18501860

Cedar

18501860

Chariton

18501860

Christian (created 1859 from Greene, Taney and Webster)

1860

Clark

18501860

Clay

18501860

Clinton

18501860

Cole

18501860

Cooper

18501860

Crawford

18501860

Dade

18501860

Dallas

18501860

Daviess

18501860

Dekalb

18501860

Dent (created 1851 from Crawford and Shannon)

1860

Douglas (created 1857 from Ozark)

No record exists

Dunklin

18501860

Franklin

18501860

Gasconade

18501860

Gentry

18501860

Greene

18501860

Grundy

18501860

Harrison

18501860

Henry

18501860

Hickory

18501860

Holt

18501860

Howard

18501860

Howell (created 1857 from Oregon)

1860

Iron (created 1857 from Madison, Reynolds, St. Francois, Washington and Wayne)

1860

Jackson

18501860

Jasper

18501860

Jefferson

18501860

Johnson

18501860

Knox 

18501860

Laclede

18501860

Lafayette

18501860

Lawrence 

18501860

Lewis

18501860

Lincoln

18501860

Linn

18501860

Livingston

18501860

Macon

18501860

Madison

18501860

Maries (created 1855 from Osage and Pulaski)

1860

Marion

18501860

McDonald

18501860

Mercer

18501860

Miller 

18501860

Mississippi

18501860

Moniteau

18501860

Monroe

18501860

Montgomery

18501860

Morgan

18501860

New Madrid

18501860

Newton

18501860

Nodaway

18501860

Oregon

18501860

Osage 

18501860

Ozark

18501860

Pemiscot (created 1851 from New Madrid)

1860

Perry

18501860

Pettis

18501860

Phelps (created 1857 from Crawford)

1860

Pike

18501860

Platte

18501860

Polk

18501860

Pulaski

18501860

Putnam 

18501860

Ralls 

18501860

Randolph

18501860

Ray

18501860

Reynolds

18501860

Ripley

18501860

Saline

18501860

Schuyler

18501860

Scotland

18501860

Scott 

18501860

Shannon

18501860

Shelby

18501860

St. Charles

18501860

St. Clair

18501860

St. Francois

18501860

St. Louis

18501860

Ste. Genevieve

18501860

Stoddard

18501860

Stone (created 1851 from Taney)

1860

Sullivan

18501860

Taney

18501860

Texas

18501860

Vernon (created 1855 from Bates)

1860

Warren

18501860

Washington

18501860

Wayne

18501860

Webster (created 1855 from Greene)

1860

Worth (created 1861 from Gentry)

N/A

Wright

18501860

 

Sample Form (Adobe Reader required)Statistical Summaries
1850 PDF file* Statistical summaries are available on the Census Bureau’s website https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html.  This link will take you off-site.  Once you are there, click on the year of the census.  Then click on the ZIP file for a specific report.
1860 PDF file*

*The Archives has this schedule on microfilm.  To request a search of a slave schedule, please complete and submit a research request.